- What is a Cluster?
- How does one come to EPAMARNE-EPAFRANCE?
- What does “soft links” mean?
- Who finances the construction of public amenities, roads and parks?
- Where can one go to find out about bus routes and timetables?
- Who is responsible for public transport?
- Who should we turn to for information on planned or ongoing public works?
- Who decides on architectural styles?
- Who do we go to in order to find housing?
- Is there any building land available in Marne-la-Vallée for new housing estates?
- What is the role of the Euro Disney company?
- What links exist between the Urban Development Corporations and intermunicipal groupings (SANs and conurbation communities)?
- Is Epamarne subsidised?
- What does UDC stand for?
- What links are there between the Urban Development Corporations, the state and the ministry for Infrastructure?
- Is Marne-la-Vallée a town?
- Why are there two Urban Development Corporations in Marne-la-Vallée?
- What is a “new town”?
What is a Cluster?
It is a grouping of businesses and institutions relating to the knowledge economy (universities, research centres, laboratories, etc.), located in close proximity to one another, sharing a same field of competencies and working in a mutually complementary way.
The objectives of a cluster are as follows
- Establishing networks among the various players within the sector
- Increasing their capacity for innovation
- Improving company productivity
- Fostering job growth among sector companies
This leads to the promotion and support of collective company development, as well as providing competitive momentum, thanks to the resulting pooling of resources and economies of scale.
How does one come to EPAMARNE-EPAFRANCE?
What does “soft links” mean?
The expression “soft links” means non-motorised means of transport. The Marne-la-Vallée urban development corporations collaborate with local authorities in the implementation of projects aimed at developing pedestrian or cycle tracks and links.
Who finances the construction of public amenities, roads and parks?
The public amenities are mainly financed by the municipalities or groupings of municipalities, and sometimes by the counties (junior secondary schools, for example), the Region (senior secondary schools) or the state (universities, police stations, prefectural buildings). Roads are financed by the urban development corporations, the state (the Ministry of the Environment (MEDDTL)), the county and municipalities or groupings of municipalities. Green spaces are financed by the urban development corporations or the municipalities (or groupings of municipalities)
Where can one go to find out about bus routes and timetables?
Some 40 bus routes criss-cross the area of Marne-la-Vallée; they are managed by the Paris public transport operator RATP ww.ratp.fr and the PEP'S network www.buspeps.fr or www.sit-mlv34.org . In addition, the site www.stif-idf.fr provides more comprehensive information on all the modes of public transport in the region.
Who is responsible for public transport?
The Ile-de-France Transport Syndicate is the organising authority for public transport in the area of Marne-la-Vallée.
Who should we turn to for information on planned or ongoing public works?
Marne-la-Vallée is a very dynamic area and there are many urban developments under way. Depending on their nature, the works may be managed by the state (particularly through the DDE, the local office of the ministry for infrastructures) or even by the local government authorities. To obtain information about urban developments monitored by the urban development corporations, go to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Who decides on architectural styles?
All projects are conceived in consultation with all the players in the area. Through consultation procedures and the drawing up of urban planning guidelines, architectural choices are made by the urban development corporations and the local authorities; in the Val d'Europe development sector, they are also made by the Euro Disney company.
Who do we go to in order to find housing?
The Marne-la-Vallée Urban Development Corporations (UDCs) service and sell the land on which the developers build housing. The UDCs themselves do not build housing and do not have any housing for rent or for sale. In order to find housing in Marne-la-Vallée, you need to contact the ADIL, or go directly to the developers or real estate agencies.
Is there any building land available in Marne-la-Vallée for new housing estates?
No. EPAmarne and EPAfrance UDCs service the plots of land, which are then sold to the property developers who carry out and market their housing programmes there.
Finding your home
What is the role of the Euro Disney company?
Following on from the agreement signed in 1987 and within the framework of a public / private partnership unique in France, the Euro Disney Associés SCA company is involved in a part of the Val d'Europe. After having bought the land serviced by the local urban development corporation, Euro Disney Associés SCA implements its own private housing, office, and commercial property programmes within the framework of projects set up in close partnership with the local urban development corporation, the SAN of Val d'Europe intermunicipal grouping and each municipality concerned.
What links exist between the Urban Development Corporations and intermunicipal groupings (SANs and conurbation communities)?
Most of the local authorities in Marne-la-Vallée are engaged in intense intermunicipal collaboration. The two groupings of New Town municipalities (SANs), those of Val Maubuée and Val d'Europe, and the grouping of municipalities in the Marne-et-Gondoire conurbation, all three of which together represent 20 of the 26 municipalities in Marne-la-Vallée, are the favoured interlocutors of the Urban Development Corporations for setting up and implementing all the projects that help to develop the territory in question.
It’s easy to get around
Is Epamarne subsidised?
The Marne-la-Vallée urban development corporations are industrial and commercial state-owned corporations (EPICs), i.e. they are legal entities and are financially autonomous. They receive no operating subsidies. However, they may manage urban development projects that are themselves subsidised (green spaces, public facilities etc.)
What does UDC stand for?
EPAmarne and EPAfrance are Urban Development Corporations, that is, state-owned industrial and commercial corporations (EPICs). They act under the control of the central government, which established them to perform missions deemed in the public interest. Their areas of involvement are variable : EPAMARNE (founded in 1972 – in charge of Sectors I, II and III) and EPAFRANCE (founded in 1987 – in charge of Sector IV) are two Local Planning and Development Authorities assigned by the Government to manage an Operation in the National Interest consisting in facilitating the development of Marne-la-Vallée and providing momentum towards its growth. Their work is part of a close partnership with multiple stakeholders, starting with local elected authorities. They are involved in all aspects of urban settlement: offices and business activities, housing and public facilities, road networks and green spaces and more.
What links are there between the Urban Development Corporations, the state and the ministry for Infrastructure?
The Urban Development Corporations in Marne-la-Vallée are the operational arms of the state, under the supervision of the Ministry of the Environment (MEDDTL), the Home Office, and the Ministry of the Economy and Finance. The state is represented on the boards of EPAmarne/EPAfrance, on which several of its representatives sit next to the representatives of local government authorities.
Is Marne-la-Vallée a town?
No, it is not. Behind the label of “new town”, one has to imagine an area that groups together 26 municipalities made up of urbanised areas, rural areas and even agricultural land. All of this now makes up a major centre of development in the East of the Paris Île-de-France region.
Marne-la-Vallée is spread over four administratives areas. As we move away from Paris in the direction of the provinces, the four areas are: the Porte de Paris (sector 1), the Val Maubuée (sector 2), the Val de Bussy (sector 3) and the Val d'Europe (sector 4).
Why are there two Urban Development Corporations in Marne-la-Vallée?
The first UDC, EPAmarne, was established in 1972 to develop an area extending over only 21 municipalities. Then, in 1987, as part of the project to set up the Euro Disney company, a second UDC, EPAfrance, was established to operate in five municipalities to the East of the area, otherwise known as the Val d'Europe. Nevertheless, these two urban planning and development organisations are closely linked in terms of their mission with the same team and a single Managing Director. See also: Presentation of Marne-la-Vallée
What is a “new town”?
In the late 1960s, General de Gaulle decided to create “new towns” as a means of absorbing unprecedented demographic growth and of keeping urban development more under control. It consisted of giving the areas earmarked for new towns the status of “Operations in the National Interest” (OIN). Within such areas, the initiative in planning and implementing urban development projects was reserved for the state, acting through an Urban Development Corporation. Nine “new towns” were thus created in France from 1965, five of which in the greater Paris region, including Marne-la-Vallée.